By Tom Rockmore, Beth J Singer
The controversy over foundationalism, the point of view that there exists a few safe origin upon which to construct a procedure of wisdom, seems to were resolved and the antifoundationalists have at the least quickly prevailed. From a firmly historic technique, the publication lines the foundationalism/antifoundationalism controversy within the paintings of many very important figures—Animaxander, Aristotle and Plato, Augustine, Descartes, Hegel and Nietzsche, Habermas and Chisholm, and others—throughout the historical past of philosophy. The individuals, Joseph Margolis, Ronald Polansky, Gary Calore, Fred and Emily Michael, William Wurzer, Charlene Haddock Siegfried, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Kathleen Wallace, and the editors current good the variety, curiosity, and roots of antifoundationalism.
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Additional info for Antifoundationalism Old and New
Nevertheless I have long had fixed in my mind the belief that an all-powerful Cod existed by whom I have been created such as I am. But how do I know that He has not brought it to pass that there is no earth, no heaven, no extended body, no magnitude, no place, and that nevertheless I possess the perceptions of all these things and that they seem to me to exist just exactly as I now see them. And, besides, as I sometimes imagine that others deceive themselves in the things which they think they know best, how do I know that I am not deceived every time that I add two and three, or count the sides of a square, or judge of things yet simpler, if anything simpler can be imagined?
We said that the Apeiron was a mythic posit, not the referent of a discursive claim. By "mythic," we intend a distinction of art fixing a certain use of language, a use that can never be separated from the enunciative use but that is entirely different from it. It is an obvious use of language, but one neglected in most analyses of the functions of discourse. We may even guess at the reason. If we understand the archie canon to be committed to "transparency," committed to some foundationalist or cognitively privileged presumption, then, indeed, in accepting the canon, the Apeiron-whicll would, of course, threaten transparency-must be effectively replaced by a congenial myth that accords with transparency.
There you have the key to Anaximander's inkling, a glimmer of an insight from which Anaximander himself may well have turned away. Notes 1. I take the translation from Charles H. , The Encyclopediaof Philosophy, vol. 1 (New York: Macmillan and Free Press, 1967), pp. 117-18. See, further, Charles H. Kahn, Anaximander and the Origins of GreekCosmology (New York: Columbia University Press, 1960). The translation obscures, however, the sense in which the Apeiron lacks number. 2. Martin Heidegger, "The Anaximander Fragment," Early Greek Thinking, trans.
Antifoundationalism Old and New by Tom Rockmore, Beth J Singer