By Noah Lemos
Epistemology or the speculation of information is among the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this publication presents a transparent and available creation to the topic. It discusses the various major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different subject matters contain the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant basically for college students taking a first-class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content might additionally supply a good advent for someone attracted to realizing extra approximately this significant zone of philosophy.
Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge
1) S believes that p, (2) p is true, (3) p is epistemically justified for S, and (4) S’s grounds for believing that p do not justify any false proposition for S. According to D6, knowledge requires that none of one’s grounds are false. In contrast, D7 requires that one’s grounds do not justify any false proposition. How would D7 handle Gettier’s original examples? Consider Case 1. Smith’s grounds for believing (e), the man who will get the job has ten coins in his pocket, also justified Smith in believing the false proposition, (d) Jones is the man who will get the job and Jones has ten coins in his pocket.
First, it is too weak to rule out some Gettier cases. Second, it is too strong insofar as it rules out some plausible instances of knowledge. 3 Let us consider the following case. Case 3. Suppose that Smith knows, and is thus justified in believing, the following: (j) Jones, who works in my office, has always driven a Ford in the past, has just offered me a ride in a Ford, and says that he owns a Ford. From (j), Smith deduces: (k) There is someone, who works in my office, who has always driven a Ford in the past, has just offered me a ride in a Ford, and says that he owns a Ford.
First, in order for a proposition to be a factual defeater it must be true. Justificational defeaters, however, can be either true or false. So, for example, if Jones, who is honest and usually quite reliable, misinforms me that Brown has been convicted three times for embezzlement, then the proposition that Brown is a thrice convicted embezzler is a justificational defeater for my evidence that Brown is honest. But that proposition cannot be factual defeater because it is not true. 6 Richard Feldman, Epistemology, p.
An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Noah Lemos