By Charles Glass
Whilst the German military marched into Paris on June 14, 1940, nearly 5,000 americans remained in Paris. that they had refused or been not able to depart for plenty of assorted purposes; their activities in the course of the process the German career might turn out to be simply as different. Glass interweaves the reports of a few of the people who belonged to this designated colony of yank expatriates dwelling in Paris. one of the tales highlighted are these of Charles Bedaux, an American millionaire made up our minds to hold on together with his enterprise affairs as ordinary; Sylvia seashore, proprietor of the well-known English-language bookstall Shakespeare & corporation; Clara Longworth de Chambrun, patroness of the yank Library in Paris and distantly regarding FDR; and Dr. Sumner Jackson, the yankee Hospital’s leader physician. those interesting stories replicate the advanced community of choices—passive compromise, outright collaboration, sufferer retreat, and energetic resistance—that existed for american citizens stuck within the German net.
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Extra resources for Americans in Paris: Life and Death under Nazi Occupation 1940-1944
This was a shaped-charge warhead placed on the end of a long pole. The Japanese infantryman hid until a tank passed, then rushed out and pushed the mine against the tank. The impact detonated the charge, but the soldier was likely to be killed in the process. Another kamikaze tactic used in the Philippines as well as on Iwo Jima and Okinawa was the use of Nikaku “human mine” tactics, where a Japanese infantryman would carry a special back-pack mine on straps over his shoulders. He would approach the enemy tank, then throw himself between the tracks and pull a detonating cord, setting off the charge under the tank’s hull.
The IJN staff was very keen on the idea and wanted to deploy 40,000 frogmen for the final defense of Japan, but the plan was constrained by the lack of underwater equipment. Army Kamikaze Weapons One of the most challenging threats facing Japanese infantry in the Pacific fighting was the widespread use of M4 medium tanks by the US Army and the US Marine Corps. The Japanese infantry lacked an effective antitank weapon comparable to the German Panzerfaust or American bazooka. A variety of weapons were hastily deployed to deal with the tank threat, including the Type 99 magnetic demolition charge, and various satchel charges that could be thrown under tanks or onto their engine decks.
The F KAITEN PATROL OFF IWO JIMA, JULY 1945 I-58 was a B-3 class submarine launched in June 1943 and attached to the Kure Naval District. In September 1944, it was modified to carry four Kaiten. Commanded by LtCdr Matsushiro Hashimoto, it first saw combat as part of the Kongo (Diamond) Group against Apra harbor on Guam. All four Kaiten were launched on January 12, 1945, but one exploded prematurely; two pillars of smoke were spotted and I-58 was erroneously credited with an escort carrier and an oiler, though no US ships were in fact sunk by Kaiten.
Americans in Paris: Life and Death under Nazi Occupation 1940-1944 by Charles Glass