By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive position within the American Civil struggle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been placed to the try out within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg used to be a castle urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose trap is frequently obvious because the key to victory within the battle.
This publication explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications while lower than siege. additionally tested are a number of different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour paintings and cutaways.
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Additional info for American Civil War Fortifications
It was also found necessary to deepen the trenches and strengthen the breastworks of the riﬂe-pits on the right. I was also obliged to construct covered ways for the purpose of safe communication with the sinks and wells in the rear. And eventually it was deemed prudent to construct a strong line of riﬂe-pits across the gorge of the fort for the greater security of our rear, and to be used in case our lines should be breached or carried by assault. After all improvements, the interior of the fort was swept within 2 feet of the ground by the enemy’s Minies.
Reynolds and General Seth M. Barton. The columbiad and mortar were manned by Co. G, 1st Louisiana Heavy Artillery, while the 6-pounders were served by Co. A, 14th Mississippi Light Artillery. 44 The guns of Battery A (Chicago Light Artillery), 1st Illinois Light Artillery, commanded by Captain Peter P. Wood, stand behind a log breastwork with earthen traverses in front of the Confederate fortiﬁcations outside Vicksburg on May 22, 1863, four days after their arrival from Baker’s Creek. The Stockade Redan is seen on the opposite ridge, with Vicksburg in the distance.
Whig Office Battery T. Wyman’s Hill Battery U. Harwood House Battery or Battery No. 5 V. Battery No. 4 W. Devil‘s Backbone Battery X. Upper Water Battery Y. com Bi g B l l l l Union Works Confederate Works 0 Stou R ay ou Construction of the main fortiﬁcations at Vicksburg was initially entrusted to Captain David B. Harris, Provisional Engineer Corps, CS Army, who was assisted by Acting Captain John M. Reid, and his son Acting Lieutenant John H. Reid, the labor being mostly completed by a force of about 3,000 slaves impressed from plantations in the adjacent counties.
American Civil War Fortifications by Ron Field