Get Abkhaz PDF

By Viacheslav A. Chirikba

ISBN-10: 3895861367

ISBN-13: 9783895861369

Abkhaz is likely one of the 3 languages comprising the Abkhazo-Adyghean, or West Caucasian department of North Caucasian linguistic family members (the different department being Nakh-Daghestanian, or East Caucasian). Abkhaz is spoken via nearly 100,000 humans within the former Soviet union (mainly within the Republic of Abkhazia, Caucasus), and through not less than a similar variety of audio system in Turkey and a few center east nations (small Abkhaz colonies are available additionally in Western Europe and the USA). Abkhaz is infamous for its large consonantal stock (up to sixty seven consonants in its Bzyp dialect) and by way of its minimum vocalic process: in simple terms vowels. although Abkhaz was once studied via a couple of students (among whom P. Uslar in XIX century, or extra simply okay. Lomtatidze in Georgia and G. Hewitt in nice Britain), many facets of Abkhaz grammar (especially its syntax) nonetheless need to be appropriately defined. Abkhaz is the single West Caucasian language to own the class of grammatical periods, manifested in own pronouns, verb conjugation, numerals and in classification of quantity. Abkhaz is an ergative language, the ergative development being represented no longer by means of case endings, as in comparable Circassian and Ubykh (Abkhaz doesn't have the case system), yet by means of order of actant markers. The verbal root is composed often of 1 consonant, preceded through a string of prefixes (class-personal, directional, temporal, negational, causative, etc.) and via few suffixes. Verbs may be stative or dynamic, finite or non-finite. The grammatical cartoon of Abkhaz comprises information regarding its phonological approach, morphology, and syntax. a quick textual content is supplied with grammatical reviews.

Show description

Read Online or Download Abkhaz PDF

Best folklore & mythology books

Get Best-Loved Chinese Proverbs PDF

''By filling one's head rather than one's pocket, one can't be robbed. '' The attraction of chinese language proverbs is profound and common. With brevity, readability, and ease, those conscientiously selected phrases support go knowledge and perception in the course of the a long time. This undying, eloquent number of proverbs bargains basic truths in regards to the wildlife and the human , on topics resembling: skill • Adversity • good looks • personality • clash Cooperation • Deception • Defeat • Fortune • Greed • Happiness Honor • idea • wisdom • management • Love Moderation • Necessity • pals • Obstinacy • chance Perseverance • satisfaction • Sincerity • method • good fortune concept • belief • Victory • knowledge • And extra ''With our suggestions we needs to construct our global.

Download e-book for kindle: Meeting the Other in Norse Myth and Legend by John McKinnell

A selected, ordinary characteristic of previous Norse myths and legends is an come across among creatures of This global (gods and people) and people of the opposite (giants, giantesses, dwarves, prophetesses, monsters and the dead). targeting cross-gendered encounters, this publication analyses those conferences, and the various motifs and occasions they surround, from the session of a prophetess by means of a king or god, to sexual liaisons and go back from the useless.

Download PDF by Mary Ellen Brown: William Motherwell's Cultural Politics

"""This is ballad scholarship at its top. " -- Wilhelm F. Nicolaisen William Motherwell (l797-l835), journalist, poet, man-of-letters, wit, civil servant, and outspoken conservative, released his anthology of ballads, Minstrelsy: historic and sleek, in l827. His perspectives on authenticity, editorial perform, the character of oral transmission, and the significance of sung performance--acquired via box collecting--anticipate a lot later scholarly discourse.

New PDF release: Mythology of the Inuit

Throughout the lengthy chilly wintry weather nights, Inuit households snuggled jointly of their wintry weather homes and listened to stories a couple of time while incredible issues may well occur. those adventurers broke up the lengthy hours of wintry weather darkness and gave the listeners a cultural and standard historical past. every one bankruptcy is by means of a question and resolution part which covers issues, symbols, and characters; and a professional statement part, which makes for excellent dialogue.

Extra info for Abkhaz

Sample text

Hazov [Materials for the study of the language and mode oflife of the Abkhazians] . In: Sbornik materialov d/'a opisanija mestnostej i plemen Kavkaza, Tiflis. Vyp. 44, otd. 4, p. 5-23. BALKAROV, B. LW/M 119 80 Abkhaz DUMEZIL, G. 1932. Etudes comparatives sur les langues caucasiennes du nord-ouest (morphologie). Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, 262 pp. 1967. Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase, V. Etudes Abkhaz. BAH, XXI. Paris, 200 pp. 1975. En collaboration avec Tevfik Esens;.

Coordination of Noun Phrases. 1. Conjunction. Noun phrases are conjoined by means of the repeated coordinating postclitics -}or -g'a 'and': a. g 0anda-j sasr;jq"'a-j'Gunda and Sasryqwa' . b. b-in-g'a b-ab-g'a 'your mother and your father'. ja-k' 'a good boy'. 2. Structure of the AdP. Adpositions are predominantly postposed to the words they govern, so that we have exclusively postpositional phrases: a. locative: j-Bb ja-C'a 'his-father his-at = at his father's place'. b. +q'a 'my-mother her-DIR =to my mother'.

In the absence of complementizers in Abkhaz, for the purpose of Indirect speech reporting the non-finite forms with the conjunctional prefix -s(a)- ' how' are used. Alternatively, Indirect speech can be expressed by the combination of a finite verb with the quotative particle and the introductory verb. The reported speech is usually put at the beginning of the sentence. 1. Positive Imperatives of dynamic verbs are expressed by the pure stem of the verb and the appropriate agreement markers. As to the presence ofthe latter, three possibilities obtain: a.

Download PDF sample

Abkhaz by Viacheslav A. Chirikba

by Richard

Rated 4.52 of 5 – based on 33 votes