By Yitzhak Baer
Original 12 months of publication: 1961
One of the century's nice classics of Jewish historiography, A historical past of the Jews in Christian Spain strains the industrial, social, felony, and political lifetime of the Spanish Jewish neighborhood from the eleventh-century re-conquest of Iberia from Muslim rule to the expulsion of 1492. The drama of the Spanish Jewry's upward push and fall has made that group the exceptional representation of the fight of Jews to take care of themselves as an identifiable team inside Christian society. essentially the most startling features of this quantity is its description of the cultural lifetime of the Spanish Jews and the way it was once transformed through the affects exerted upon it by way of the tradition of our surroundings. this primary quantity of the two-volume set takes the tale all the way down to the center of the 13th century in Castile.
About the Author
Professor Yitzhak (Fritz) Baer spent a long time getting to know within the Spanish information. He released hundreds of thousands of files concerning the main points of Jewish existence within the Iberian Peninsula and at the dating of the Jews to their Christian rulers and pals. Later, after settling in what's now Israel as Professor of background on the Hebrew college, he wrote his precis of the interval, that's now made on hand in translation from the Hebrew.
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Additional resources for A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume I: from the Age of Reconquest to the Fourteenth Century
These laws struck not only the Jews but also the converts, who were suspected of remaining faithful to the religion of their fathers. Five years later a Church council forbade all non-Catholics to reside in the country. The converts were placed under strict episcopal supervision. They were not permitted to travel within the country without a permit signed by the local Church authorities. Every Jew was required to take an oath, according to a fixed formula, that he had given up Jewish law and practice.
14a Both Latin and Hebrew documents, of the tenth century and later, speak of Jewish holdings of land around the city of Leon. 14b The law thus presumes that the Jews and Christians in the rural communities have common interests and equal rights. About the same time we find the king of Leon confiscating the country estate of a Jew in punishment for an offense committed by the owner. Even while the caliphate of Cordova was still at the height of its prosperity, an active urban life developed in Leon around the royal court, but to what extent Jews participated in it as merchants is not known.
In return for military aid to one or another of the warring states, they obtained 46 T H E EARL EARLY Y RECONQUEST political concessions and an opportunity to plunder Arab territories and exact heavy tribute from their rulers. But from about 1060 on the Christians descended upon the Moslem south with the aim of permanent conquest. Their victorious march was twice halted by a counterattack of Mohammedan tribes—the Almoravides in the eighties of the eleventh century, and the Almohades in the forties of the twelfth—who crossed over from North Africa and forced political unity and religious fanaticism upon the Arabs of Andalusia.
A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume I: from the Age of Reconquest to the Fourteenth Century by Yitzhak Baer