By Alexandr Zaytsev
Lying on the intersection of translatology, cognitive technology and linguistics, this short presents a finished framework for learning, investigating and educating English-Russian/Russian-English non-literary translation. It offers a holistic point of view at the means of non-literary translation, illustrating each one of its steps with rigorously analyzed real-life examples. Readers will find out how to decide on and technique multidimensional consciousness devices in unique texts through activating types of wisdom, in addition to how you can successfully devise target-language fits for them utilizing a number of translation strategies. it truly is rounded out with convenient and possible tips about the constitution and content material of an undergraduate direction in translation. The abundance of examples makes it appropriate not just to be used within the school room, but in addition for self sufficient study.
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Additional info for A Guide to English–Russian and Russian–English Non-literary Translation
A hyperutterance (which appears like a kind of abstract) will restate the most relevant hyperrhemes. Their totality will form the backbone of what I suggest calling the overall content of a speech product. To oversimplify, overall content is a macrorheme, provided that it encompasses not only semantic information, but also pragmatic information, including all the pragmatic assumptions made by a reader and pragmatic effects s/he is consciously aware of. To illustrate this, I will produce a (not the) hyperutterance reflecting the content of article (15): Aiming at the American audiences, the author (who works for NIH News in Health) explains that ﬁbromyalgia is a relatively rare difﬁcult-to-diagnose chronic pain condition of unknown etiology (accentuating its ‘mysteriousness’ via a chain of short, rhythmical, hollywoodesque-movie-trailer-like introductory sentences that build up some tension); whose symptoms are muscle pain, fatigue, headaches, memory problems, sleeplessness, irritable bowels, morning stiffness, numbness or tingling in the extremities; that is caused by stresses, injuries, other illnesses, CNS or genetic problems; that is identiﬁed based on a history of widespread pain lasting more than 3 months and the presence of pain points on the body; that can be treated with drugs (among which are those of limited efﬁcacy, such as over-the-counter or prescription analgesics, antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and those that are more effective and, hence, recommended by the author (who is presenting a view shared by experts), namely gabapentin and pregabalin (marketed by, as one may ﬁnd out going beyond the text, Pﬁzer under the brand name Lyrica) – the author focuses more on the latter (sense unity 4 is three paragraphs long), possibly trying to endorse the drug; ergo, the article’s pragmatic goal may be not only to impartially provide some general information on ﬁbromyalgia, but also to covertly advertise a pharmaceutical product); that can also be helped through non-drug treatments (massage, movement therapies, chiropractic treatments, acupuncture, and herbs and dietary supplements); and that is likely to be treated more effectively in the future (the author’s sanguine attitude toward the future conveyed in the ﬁnal paragraph aims to create, in a rather trite way, a contrast with the ‘pessimistic’ introductory paragraph and provide an extra coherence tie between sense unities 1 and 5, ensuring integrity of the article as a whole).
You have to recollect that, according to the Book of Daniel, Belshazzar, the king of Babylon before the advent of the Medes and the Persians, saw a man’s hand mysteriously appear and start writing on the wall of his palace, when he was at an extravagant banquet for his lords, drinking blasphemously from sacred vessels. Daniel interpreted the writing for Belshazzar. He learnt from Daniel that God was dissatisﬁed with what he had been doing and would soon bring his reign to an end, divide his kingdom, and give it to his enemies.
Sometimes translators’ mistakes may be indicative of lacunae in both language knowledge and extralinguistic knowledge. , if a trainee translator renders the utterance (22) Ferdinand de Saussure was a Swiss linguist. 36 3 What Is It That We Translate? as Фepдинaнд дe Coccюp был швeдcким лингвиcтoм, it signals two problems: (a) a gap in language knowledge (s/he does not know the word ‘Swiss’ (швeйцapcкий), having mistaken it for ‘Swedish’ (швeдcкий)), and (b) a gap in background knowledge (s/he does not know anything about de Saussure’s origins).
A Guide to English–Russian and Russian–English Non-literary Translation by Alexandr Zaytsev