By Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Tanja Herrmann (ed.), Lukas Pietsch (ed.), Susanne Wagner (ed.)
This quantity deals qualitative in addition to corpus-based quantitative experiences on 3 domain names of grammatical version within the British Isles. All stories draw seriously at the Freiburg English Dialect Corpus (FRED), a automatic corpus for predominantly British English dialects comprising a few 2.5 million phrases. in addition to an account of FRED and the benefits which a functional-typological framework deals for the learn of dialect grammar, the amount comprises the next 3 giant studies.
Tanja Herrmann's research is the 1st systematic cross-regional learn of relativization suggestions for Scotland, Northern eire, and 4 significant dialect components in England. In her examine layout Hermann has incorporated a few matters the most important in typological study on relative clauses, in particular the Noun word Accessibility Hierarchy. Lukas Pietsch investigates the so-called Northern topic Rule, a different contract phenomenon identified from Northern England, Scotland and northern eire. His examine is based mostly at the Northern eire Transcribed Corpus of Speech, but in addition at the FRED and SED info (Survey of English Dialects) for the North of britain. Susanne Wagner is worried with the phenomenon of pronominal gender, focussing particularly at the typologically quite specified semantic gender process within the dialects of Southwest England.
This quantity can be of curiosity to dialectologists, sociolinguists, typologists, historic linguists, grammarians, and someone attracted to the constitution of spontaneous spoken English.
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Additional info for A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects, Volume 1: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses
Generally speaking, restrictive relative clauses are predominantly formed with invariant relative particles, whereas nonrestrictive relative clauses are primarily constructed with wh-pronouns, especially with which. 4%) of all nonrestrictives. g. 8%). Table 2. 8% of all instances of that appear in nonrestrictive relative clauses. Below, examples (2a–c) illustrate nonrestrictive zero relative clauses; examples (2d–f) illustrate nonrestrictive that relative clauses: (2) a. b. c. d. e. f. there was Mr M.
1%) is used in about half of all instances. 9%). 5%) is hovering around half a per cent. With particular regard to the dialectal variants what and as, what is by far the stronger one, the more so the farther south we go. In the south (East Anglia; Central Southwest), what has a substantial number of instances, whereas in the north (Central North; Scotland), it plays a marginal role; in Northern Ireland what plays no role at all. As has its stronghold in the Central Midlands. It is used, though not often, in the Central North and in one county (Tyrone) of Northern Ireland.
Also Keenan and Hawkins 1987: 82– 83). Second, even Keenan and Comrie (1977: 90 and 74) grant that examples like the man who John is taller than are of marginal acceptability. In the present dialect data, there was no instance of an object of comparison. e. objects of prepositions (OP)) in declarative clauses: He gave herIO the book – he gave the book to herOP. Resulting from that and from the fact that English is one of the languages which “[f]or purposes of relative clause formation, ... assimilate indirect objects to the other oblique cases” (Keenan and Comrie 1977: 72), indirect objects are very infrequently relativized (six instances in the entire data).
A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects, Volume 1: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses by Bernd Kortmann (ed.), Tanja Herrmann (ed.), Lukas Pietsch (ed.), Susanne Wagner (ed.)